Male pattern hair loss (MPHL) is started by losing hair above temples of the head. The hair loss then
gradually covers up the top of the head and also claims hair on the sides as well as rear of the head
giving rise to complete baldness.

Causes of MPHL: MPHL is known as androgenic alopecia caused by androgens or masculine hormones. Testosterone, a male hormone that is present in high levels in males after puberty, is converted to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) by an enzyme called 5-alpha reductase. DHT has an adverse affect on the hair follicles which slow down their activity to produce normal hair and even stops hair growth which further led to develop baldness. The genes are also responsible for MPHL through genetic predisposition. Hair strand grows through hair follicle, a tiny hole or cavity in skin. Baldness is generally occurs when these hair follicles are shrink over time, producing shorter and finer hair. The follicles do not grow new hair; however, they remain alive to produce hair in future.

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